Norid https://www.norid.no Runs the registry for Norwegian domain names Thu, 14 Jan 2021 14:05:35 +0000 en-US hourly 1 https://wordpress.org/?v=5.5.3 2020 – a year for digital seven-mile steps https://www.norid.no/en/aktuelt/2020-et-ar-for-digitale-sjumilssteg/ Wed, 13 Jan 2021 13:58:27 +0000 https://www.norid.no/?p=16456 2020 has been a year characterized by lockdown and uncertainty, but also by adaptation and innovation. We can truly say that society's digital foundation has been through a thorough stress test. It is clear to everyone how valuable it is to have an online presence, and the Internet stands out as a key arena for interaction and communication.  

Norway has long been at the forefront when it comes to offering digital services. When large parts of Norwegian working life were to be run from home, services and infrastructure were tested as never before. Fortunately, the National Communications Authority was able to conclude that the digital foundation passed the test – this time 1.

We must state that Norway has a digital foundation that has provided solid coverage and quality, also during the "express digitalization" we have experienced in 2020. Overnight, almost all social functions had to use digital platforms and video-based services as the only form of communication, all of it over the Internet. With this sharp increase in traffic and the changing user patterns we experienced both nationally and internationally, there is every reason to point out and recognize the resilience of the digital infrastructure, also on DNS and the Internet. Owners of infrastructure and other market players have been both prepared and have showed adaptability. Thus, there was no sign of crisis in the electronic communication sector in 2020. However, awareness and focus on the criticality of robust and secure electronic communication has increased throughout society, and we will use this to continue the work to preserve and build trust in the digital services that we all are dependent on.

Elise Knutssøn Lindeberg, Security Director, Norwegian Communications Authority

For Norid, which operates important national Internet infrastructure, the focus in the first months was to maintain stable operations. And we were not alone. Internet services are the result of a complex interaction between many actors and systems in a digital value chain, and the interaction is completely dependent on all parts of the infrastructure working.  

Growth in Norwegian domain names 

The increased online activity this year has not only led to increased traffic. In the period March–August 2020, Norid saw a marked increase in the number of Norwegian domain names compared with 2019 and 2018. 63,000 new domain names were registered from March to August in 2020, which is the highest we have had in the corresponding period since 2012. 

The growth in new domain names has also resulted in an increase in the total number of domain names. As of 31 December, we listed a total of 805,539 Norwegian domain names, which means a net increase of approximately 23,000 domain names. In comparison, annual growth was around 17,000 in both 2018 and 2019 2. It is reasonable to believe that the sharp increase is related to the first closure of society and the need for restructuring that the pandemic triggered for both companies and employees. 

More important than ever to be present online

The close-down of society has undoubtedly led to more companies seeing the value of being present online. For example, the corona measures through 2020 have clearly affected Norwegians' patterns of action. Figures from Statistics Norway show a clear increase in e-commerce 3. Many companies have been able to maintain and further develop their operations thanks to the Internet, and the increased need for a digital presence may be the background for some of the growth we are seeing in new domain names. 

There are many ways to be present online, and the choice of channel and profile on the content affects the identity you create for you and your business. More on what you should think about when it comes to being present online

At the same time, the closure has had major negative impact for Norwegian business and industry. The announced wave of bankruptcies has so far been long overdue. Figures from the National Enterprise Register show that there have been significantly fewer bankruptcies in Norway in 2020 than in 2019 4. However, the bankruptcies had affected about 18,300 employees as of 8 December 2020, 2,300 more than at the same time in 2019. There were thus larger companies that went bankrupt in 2020 compared with 2019 5. In addition, the support schemes that were implemented towards the end of the year were less general and more restrictive than the first schemes introduced. According to Finansavisen 6, we may have to wait until the spring of 2021 before we see the real effect of the corona crisis on Norwegian business. 

The uncertainty about the future of companies and jobs means that laid-off employees have had to look for other opportunities, and some may have chosen to try to realize a start-up dream. Figures from Statistics Norway show that 17,746 new enterprises were registered in the third quarter of 2020. This is as much as 19 per cent more than in the second quarter, and 16 per cent more than in the third quarter of 2019 7

The road from idea to fully registered company may take some time, so for several of the new companies, the domain name may have been registered first and the entry in the Enterprise Register afterwards. This is confirmed by Ståle Schumacher at Domeneshop AS, which is one of the domain name providers we have an agreement with. Domeneshop generally experienced increased activity with domain registration in the period March–August 2020, and says they noticed a tendency for many private individuals to order domain names, often with a comment that they should transfer the domain name to a new company when they received the organization number from the Enterprise Register. – It is obvious that there are many business ideas that are at an early stage, and then you want to secure the domain name first and then arrange the rest of the formalities afterwards. The first thing you need when starting a new business in 2020 is, of course, a domain name and an email address, said Schumacher. 

If you have a business idea, it may be a good idea to start by securing the domain name. More about registration order to secure your own rights.

Everyday life online presents new challenges 

A new workday with the use of a home office makes it possible for many to maintain the business even if the employees cannot meet physically at the workplace. However, the use of a home office has some security challenges. Among other things, many ordinary home networks have weaker security than the company's own network. The National Security Authority was out early with recommendations that companies consider whether the new situation means that there is a need for changes in their own security routines 8

E-commerce is a widely used opportunity for scammers. When more people than usual choose to shop online, the risk of being scammed by fake online stores is more likely than ever. You should always be sceptical before shopping with unknown online stores, and you should be especially critical if you do not find any contact information for the company.

If you are unsure, our advice is to check who has registered the domain name. For Norwegian domain names, you can do this in our domain look-up service. Under the Norwegian top-level domain, everyone who wants to register a domain name must identify who they are by either an organization number in the Register of Legal Entities or a national identity number in the National Register. The requirement, which has solid support among Norwegian companies and the population in general 9, means that there is a real, responsible company or person behind all Norwegian domain names.     

We get together online 

Recommendations to keep social distance have put an end to many physical events. In several arenas, however, we see that people find online alternatives. Companies and organizations run a joint digital lunch, digital school became a regular routine for students all over the country within one week, and more and more artists and bands offer digital concerts. Norid has also had to find alternative ways of conducting seminars and events. An online conference entitled "Crisis opens up new opportunities" was originally planned as a physical event in November 2020, but has now been postponed until April 2021, and the conference will be held digitally regardless of how the pandemic develops in Norway in the coming months. A clear advantage of conducting an event digitally is that the threshold for participating will be lower, so we hope for the support of the times on Internet Forum 2021!  

Sources

]]>
Norid transferring to new owner https://www.norid.no/en/aktuelt/norid-overfores-til-ny-eier/ Wed, 06 Jan 2021 11:47:07 +0000 https://www.norid.no/?p=16409 In 2021, Norid will become a directly owned company under the Ministry of Local Government and Modernisation (KMD). The Ministry has special expertise in electronic communications and domain name management, which will be a strength in the strategic ownership follow-up of the company.

Norid has been part of the Uninett Group for more than 25 years, first as a project and later as a subsidiary. Uninett develops and operates the digital foundation for education and research in Norway, and it was natural that the responsibility for running the registry for Norwegian domain names was added to this competence environment in the early days of the Internet.

In the more than 30 years that have passed since .no was established as the Norwegian top-level domain, electronic communications and the Internet have developed into something that permeates all parts of society, and the domain name system is a fundamental function of the Internet infrastructure. In 2020, it was decided that the ownership of Norid would be transferred from Uninett AS, which falls under the Ministry of Education, to the Ministry of Local Government and Modernisation, which is responsible for the field of ICT Policy in Norway. In this way, the Government strengthens the strategic ownership follow-up of the company.

– We look forward to completing the change of ownership and look forward to working with the new owner, says Hilde Thunem, General Manager of Norid. – We would like to thank Uninett for a long-standing partnership. The co-location in Teknobyen in Trondheim will continue, and we will also continue a professional collaboration with Uninett for the benefit of both parties.

Illustration: Norid

The transfer process is underway. From 31 December 2020, the ownership of Norid is transferred to the Government through the Directorate for ICT and Joint Services in Higher Education and Research (Unit), from where the ownership will then transfer to KMD. The change of ownership does not lead to changes in the company structure, or agreements Norid has with partners or suppliers.

– We at Uninett AS are very proud to have contributed to creating an important part of today's internet through our subsidiary Norid's development and operation of the Norwegian top-level domain. Times are changing, and based on Norid's social responsibility, it is natural that the Ministry of Local Government and Modernisation will now become the new owner of the company. We look forward to further co-operation with both Norid and the company's new owner, says CEO of Uninett AS, Tom Røtting.

About Norid
Statutes (in Norwegian only)

]]>
Internet forum 2020 postponed until 21 April 2021 https://www.norid.no/en/aktuelt/internettforum-2020-er-utsatt/ Wed, 04 Nov 2020 09:12:30 +0000 https://www.norid.no/?p=16233 Due to the current covid-19 situation and new advice on virus protection from the Government, we have decided to postpone this year’s Internet forum until 21 April 2021.

Regardless of how the virus situation will develop in the months to come, the conference will be carried out digitally. The decision on postponing the conference has been taken to avoid the risk of infection for Norid’s staff as well as for our collaborators connected to traveling and digital production. The postponed conference in April will be carried out according to the agenda we have already.

The conference will be in Norwegian only.

Follow us for further updates in the months to come.

]]>
Ekom study: The digital foundation wall passed the test https://www.norid.no/en/aktuelt/ekom-rapport-den-digitale-grunnmuren-besto-testen/ Fri, 16 Oct 2020 12:39:44 +0000 https://www.norid.no/?p=16011 Despite of an intense increase in traffic and an immediate need to readjust internal operations, Nkom’s study shows that the ekom actors have managed to maintain stable operations and capacity through the corona lock-down. However, Nkom also calls attention to the fact that trust in networks and services are challenged in different ways.

The EkomROS report aim to make actors in the field more conscious on the risk picture for the digital foundation wall in Norway. Target groups for the report are both actors in the ekom sector as well as in other sectors where electronic communication makes an impact for their own security and stand-by efforts. 

Nkom about the report (in Norwegian only)

The EkomROS 2020 report (PDF) (in Norwegian only)

]]>
Internet forum – Crisis opens new opportunities https://www.norid.no/en/aktuelt/internettforum-program/ Fri, 16 Oct 2020 08:09:32 +0000 https://www.norid.no/?p=16033 This year’s Internet forum with the title Crisis opens new opportunities is postponed until 21 April 2021 due to the covid-19 situation. The conference will be a virtual event, streamed live on Youtube.

The conference will be carried out within the current programme.

Maria Strømme from Svolvær is a physicist and professor in nano technology at Uppsala University. She has an extensive background as a scientist and developer, and is behind several inventions and patents.

Jørgen Tharaldsen is an experienced game entrepreneur and is now running the company Megapop. He thinks it is time to redefine the term gamification and see the endless opportunities that it carries.

Silvija Seres is a mathematician and a technology investor with a PhD from Oxford University. Her background is from technology- and business development. She has recently made an interesting podcast with Jørgen Tharaldsen, https://lorn.tech/lorn-pod/130-en-ny-definisjon-av-gamification/.

NAV experienced a record number of inquiries when the pandemic reached Norway, and they had to adjust and develop IT systems for new government schemes on the fly. CIO Jonas Slørahl Skjærpe shares how NAV handled the challenges and also asks if it is possible to be prepared for a new pandemic and new upheavals.

Mímir Kristjánsson is a journalist, author and politician. He serves on Stavanger City Council representing Rødt and he is a clear voice in the public debate. At this year's Internet forum he will talk about the bane of working from home. Who benefits and who misses out when office workers bring their jobs home.

Author and philosopher Joakim Hammerlin from Nansenskolen (the Nansen Humanistic Academy) joins us again. This time he questions if we have been affected by what he calls digital dysphoria. When the corona crisis hit, we took cover in digital shelters: School and work meetings on Teams. Lectures and Friday drinks on Zoom. But while some found peace and quiet in a new and wonderful digital world, others were struck by advanced analog nostalgia. What did we gain and what might be lost from the digital-social revolution?

Joakim Hammerlin asks the most basic of questions, with no digital tools whatsoever.

]]>
Norwegians register domain names like never before https://www.norid.no/en/aktuelt/norwegians-register-domain-names-like-never-before/ Mon, 07 Sep 2020 10:50:52 +0000 https://www.norid.no/?p=15759 From March to August this year, we have had a marked increase in the number of new domain names compared with 2019 and 2018. There are many indications that the growth can be attributed to the corona situation, which is also confirmed by our partners.

63,000 new domain names were registered from March to August this year, which is the highest we have had in the corresponding period since 2012. Although a significant number of domain names have been discontinued during the period, we still see a marked net increase. At the end of August, we listed a total of 795,000 Norwegian domain names, while the number at the same time last year was just over 774,000. The increase is almost 21,000 domain names, while the annual increase was around 17,000 both in 2018 and 2019.

Doubling from private individuals

One in four new registrations is from private individuals, while companies and other organizations are responsible for the rest. Ståle Schumacher at Domeneshop AS, which is one of the domain name providers Norid has an agreement with, confirms general increased activity with domain registration. They have also noticed a tendency that there are especially many private individuals who order domain names, often with a comment that they shall transfer the domain name to a new company when they receive the organization number from Brønnøysund Register Centre. – It is clear that there are many business ideas that are at an early stage, and then you want to secure the domain name first and then arrange the rest of the formalities afterwards. The first thing you need when starting a new business in 2020 is, of course, a domain name and an email address, says Schumacher.

The crisis package may have had an impact

The increase in the number of new registrations may have been affected by the Government's crisis package for entrepreneurs and growth companies. From mid-April, a corona-affected Norwegian business community could apply for support from Innovation Norway's extra pot, which was then close to NOK 5 billion. According to nrk.no (31 August), this year's limit for loans and grants from Innovation Norway has been increased to a total of 14 billion, of which 2.17 billion has been granted so far this year, which is more than three times as much as at the same time last year.

The Brønnøysund Register Centre confirms increased demand for the guidance service at their department in Narvik aimed at start-ups and running businesses after the new state schemes were established after the close-down last March. They also report that they have had a particularly increased demand this summer compared to normal summer activity. So far, they have not registered significant changes in the number of newly registered companies or enterprises this year compared to 2018 and 2019.

More domain statistics

]]>
Internet forum 17 November: The agenda is taking shape https://www.norid.no/en/aktuelt/internettforum-17-november-programmet-tar-form/ Tue, 30 Jun 2020 11:19:51 +0000 https://www.norid.no/?p=15689 This year’s Internet forum is taking place on Tuesday 17 November, and the title is Crisis opens new opportunities. The conference will be a virtual event this year. However, we aim to gather as many of the speakers as possible at Thon Hotel Vika Atrium in Oslo and stream the presentations from there.
Illustratio of two people looking into a crystall ball, where they see the letters "www". Around them are illustrations of envelopes, the earth, clouds, satelites and people hard at work, symbolising the internet in its vastness and activity.

We have already booked several very exciting speakers.

Maria Strømme from Svolvær is a physicist and professor in nano technology at Uppsala University. She has an extensive background as a scientist and developer, and is behind several inventions and patents.

Jørgen Tharaldsen is an experienced game entrepreneur and is now running the company Megapop. He thinks it is time to redefine the term gamification and see the endless opportunities that it carries.

Silvija Seres is a mathematician and a technology investor with a PhD from Oxford University. Her background is from technology- and business development. She has recently made an interesting podcast with Jørgen Tharaldsen, https://lorn.tech/lorn-pod/130-en-ny-definisjon-av-gamification/.

Ingrid Melve is an executive manager in Unit and have led national and international innovation projects within digitalization of higher education and new education platforms for many years.

Writer and philosopher Joakim Hammerlin from Nansenskolen makes a reappearance on the agenda. He asks the fundamental questions and he does it without any digital aids.

Magnus Ødegaard, lawyer and partner in Bing Hodneland, will lead us through the day.

]]>
Domain scammers are at it again https://www.norid.no/en/aktuelt/domenesvindlere-prover-seg-igjen/ Mon, 08 Jun 2020 13:13:11 +0000 https://www.norid.no/?p=15656 The method is the same as before: They offer domain names that look relevant for the company, and say that these names are in great demand so you must hurry up or risk trouble. Our advice: Check who is contacting you, carefully consider your real needs for domain names, then contact your registrar.

This method is well known both in Norway and abroad. The domain name holder is contacted by a seller who offers the company’s domain name under other top-level domains than the Norwegian one. Say you have the domain name mycompanyname.no, then you are offered mycompanyname.com or mycompanyname.shop. The seller claims that he has other customers on hand who are interested in these particular domain names, and then warns about potential trouble if you don’t secure these domain names for your own company immediately. The result is a huge bill for services that you do not need.

Cartoon illustration of a criminal celebrating as money pour out of his laptop screen.

We see this type of scamming irregularly, and it is no surprise that this happens just now when Norway as well as the rest of the world are still dealing with the COVID-19 crisis. In a situation like this many of us show less caution, and scammers know how to exploit such vulnerability.

Could it be a good idea to buy domain names under several top-level domains in any case, though? Today there are some 1,500 different top-level domains worldwide, either country codes, such as .no or .se, traditional generic top-level domains, such as .com or .net, or the new generic type, such as .shop or .gay. The vast majority of Norwegian companies chose the Norwegian country code for their primary domain name. Depending on which market the company is operating within, it may be relevant to register the company name and trademarks under one or more top-level domains other than the Norwegian one. However, this is an issue for careful consideration and decision and should not be influenced by a random, pushy seller. We recommend that you discuss the matter with your domain name provider.

]]>
Operations and load remain regular https://www.norid.no/en/aktuelt/normal-drift-og-normal-belastning/ Wed, 03 Jun 2020 12:49:56 +0000 https://www.norid.no/?p=15638 Business as usual is not normally considered to be newsworthy. However, considering the situation in Norway and the rest of the world has dealt with over the last few months, a report on normal operations is both important and good news.

Norway has been in the forefront on digital services for quite a long time. However, when major parts of society were forced to work from home, services and infrastructure were tested as never before.

Norid operates the domain name services (DNS) for the Norwegian top-level domain, which is part of the basic Internet infrastructure. The service is absolutely necessary for Norwegian domain names to work technically. It is well known that scammers know how to exploit a crisis situation, and we have therefore carefully monitored our services over the last months. Luckily we have not registered any type of irregular load. The number of DNS look-ups of Norwegian domain names is normally around 700 millions per day, and this level has remained stable these last months.

The number of domain name registrations has stayed the same

Several European top-level domain registries have experienced a growth in new domain names during the corona crisis. CENTR, The Council of European National Top-Level Domain Registries, reports a 20 per cent growth in new domain names in April 2020 compared to April 2019[1]. They assume that the reason probably is that many small businesses have been forced to establish themselves online in order to continue business when their physical shop was closed down.

The activity in domain name registrations in Norway has remained normal during the latest months despite the fact that many businesses have been closed, with little or no activity over several weeks. We also notice that our collaborating partners, the Norwegian Industrial Property Office and The Register of Business Enterprises/Altinn are experiencing a rush. People with start-up ideas are clearly not sitting on their hands waiting for better times. The impression is supported by the fact that we have had more requests than normal from businesses who want to become providers of Norwegian domain names.

Column chart comparing the domain registration numbers in january-may of 2019 and 2020. For April and May, the registration numbers are noticeably higher in 2020 than in 2019.
The graph compares registration numbers for the period 1 January through 31 May in 2019 and 2020 respectively.

[1] https://centr.org/news/blog/is-the-lockdown-driving-domain-registrations.html

]]>
Scammers know how to exploit a crisis https://www.norid.no/en/aktuelt/svindlere-vet-a-utnytte-en-krisesituasjon/ Thu, 02 Apr 2020 13:25:42 +0000 https://www.norid.no/?p=15517 In the current state of emergency, scammers work to make a profit. They may try to make profit of the virus spread itself, or they may try to exploit that many of us feel anxious and take less caution than we usually do. Working from a home office can make us even more vulnerable.

One of the most common type of scam is an email with attachments or links. The purpose is usually to get us to buy amazing anti-corona products, transfer money, or submit credit card or bank account information. As a worst case scenario a scammer can take control of our computer or phone if we reply to the wrong email or click the wrong link.

We urge everyone to be very cautious of emails that arrive unexpectedly or that seem suspicious in any way. This particularly applies to unknown senders, but also to what seems at first glance to be trustworthy sources like government officials or banks. A person who is reasonably skilled can combine any sender name with a false email address, and so trick us into replying or clicking a link.

If you receive a suspicious email, our advice is that you carefully check the real sender address: Hover your cursor over the name of the sender and look at the domain name of the address hidden behind the name. The domain name is the part that follows the @ sign, i.e. 'norid.no' if the full address is info@norid.no. If this is a Norwegian domain name, you can find information about who the domain name belongs to in our lookup service.

Other actors also warn against increasing vulnerability in the ongoing state of emergency (links to Norwegian texts only):

]]>